Truck Platooning: the future of road transport?

Platooning is an emerging vehicle technology through which digitally tethered convoys of two or more trucks travel closely together. Although this new solution doesn’t come without challenges, reduced fuel consumption and increased safety are just two of its multiple benefits. 

What is truck platooning?

Truck platooning allows two or more trucks travel together in convoys, through connectivity technology and automated driving support systems. These vehicles automatically maintain a set, close distance between each other when they are connected for certain parts of a journey, for instance on highways.  The trucks can be as close as 12 meters from each other. The truck at the head of the platoon acts as the leader, with the vehicles behind reacting and adapting to changes in its movement – requiring little to no action from drivers. Initially, drivers will remain in control at all times, so they can also decide to leave the platoon and drive independently.

Benefits

Truck platooning holds great potential to make road transport safer, cleaner and more efficient in the future. That’s why many stakeholders, including trucking manufacturers, fleet operators, academic institutions and government bodies, see the benefits of perfecting platooning practices and have been testing this technology on the roads.

Clean
Truck platooning lowers fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. Given that trucks can drive closer together, the air-drag friction is reduced significantly. Peloton Technology, the leading proponent of platooning-model, claims savings of 7% from platooning – 4.5% for the lead truck, and 10% for the following truck.

Safe 
Truck platooning helps to improve safety. The tight formation reacts quickly to potential obstacles. Braking is automatic and immediate; the trucks following the lead vehicle only need one-fifth of the time a human would need to react.

Efficient
Platooning optimises transport by using roads more effectively, delivering goods faster and reducing traffic congestion. The driving range of trucks can also be extended in certain situations. Making the use of autonomous trucks easier, platooning technology could also contribute in addressing the shortage of truck drivers currently affecting the European market

Challenges

As any other emerging technology, also platooning doesn’t come without any challenges and uncertainties. 

Different Truck Loads
If the loaded weight of the truck or the engine power differs too much, some might not keep up with the convoy, and others might have to brake and accelerate too many times, in order to still be more fuel efficient than without the platoon.
In addition, when the lead truck applies its brakes or accelerates, the different trucks connected in the platoon must do the same thing nearly simultaneously. For instance, a Class 8 truck carrying 40,000 pounds needs to brake or accelerate harder than a truck carrying 20,000 pounds to exactly match the speed of the truck in front of it.

Weather Conditions
Currently the technology does not perform well in rain or snow. As tires deteriorate over time, it is quite difficult to predict how they will react in a hard-braking situation. 

Truck Brands  
The implementation of platooning technology becomes even more difficult when different brands of trucks are used. Despite this, Peloton Technology claims their platooning system is inter-operable across different brands of trucks.

Not all manufacturers of trucks are willing to invest in this new solution. After some testing, Daimler’s Global Truck and Bus business division discovered platooning fuel economy benefits were not “as hoped” when using recent highly aerodynamic trucks and trailers. The company has therefore stopped researching into this technology. 

However, the future is currently moving towards a more digitized road freight network and an advanced inter-communication between trucks as well as all other vehicles on the road. That’s why, despite the difficulties, platooning still sounds appealing and many companies – like Volvo and Scania – are making significant investments on it. 

Video: “Platooning explained” by Peloton Technology

 

 

Sign up to our newsletter

 

Related news

,

Tires’ impact on People, Planet & Profit

The tire strategy of a fleet has major effects on both environment, operational costs, and safety. By embracing new technologies and improving processes, time, money, and CO2 emission can be saved.
,

Some thoughts shared by our CEO, Jacob

What market developments will shape the future of our industry according to PNO's CEO?
,

PNO commits to Net Zero 2030

PNO has committed to Net Zero by 2030. It is a commitment to become emission-free by 2030 – not only through our own operations but throughout the entire value chain.
,

Local Community Days 2020

For PNO, being a proud B Corp also means donating 15 work hours per employee each year for volunteer work aimed to support local communities. Due to covid-19, many of the activities got cancelled during the first part of the year. Nonetheless,…
,

The route to a zero-emission fleet

Trucks account for approximately 2% of the vehicles on the European roads. Those 2% of vehicles are responsible for 22% of the CO2 emissions from land-based transport. The growing demand for transportation services suggests that emissions will…
, ,

Don’t wait for intelligent movement

Einride is an impressively innovative technology company, based in Sweden, rethinking the freight transportation system with sustainability and cost disruption at its core. We are excited to share that PNO will be one of the rental partners in the Nordics of their transport solutions.